Tehran: city metro network undergoing massive expansion

photo of Tehran metro

The municipality of Tehran plans to expand the city’s metro network by upgrading its infrastructure and creating a further 8 lines of urban metro, metro link and suburban lines by 2025.

There are approximately 152km of railway lines and 87 stations currently in operation in Tehran, including lines 1, 2, 4 and 5, as well as the southern and middle sections of line 3. There are 200km of urban and suburban lines under construction.

Line 3, whose construction began in 2008, is one of the most important metro lines as it connects southwest Tehran to the northeast and crosses busy parts of the capital city, and can help to alleviate traffic problems. Its current total operational length is about 19km. This line will have a total length of 37km when the remaining 18km become operational.

“There is a definite decision by the Tehran municipality with the help of the government to expand the public transport system in Tehran,” said Dr. Mohammad Montazeri, Deputy Managing Director of Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway Co. and Head of UITP’s regional office in Iran.

Tehran Municipality’s 1971 plan to ease congestion in the city centre set out ambitious goals for the metro network: 8 metro lines and 4 suburban lines with a total length of 430km and 276 stations were planned, along with a bus and motorway network. The Traffic Council of Tehran later revised this plan and established a goal of 6 urban and 1 suburban lines, with 285km of rail lines and 175 stations, to be ready for 2015. Unfortunately, this goal has not yet been reached, with only 152km and 87 stations having been completed by now.

Tehran Metro hosts three million daily journeys, but the potential capacity could be much more: upon successful completion of the metro expansion plan, capacity on the network will increase to over 9 million trips per day.  It is estimated that it will cut down about 2 billion litres of petrol and diesel per year.